Deepika Padukone opened up about her struggles with depression and anxiety for the first time in an HT exclusive in 2015. She’s a former supermodel, an A-list actor and the first woman to rank among the top five highest earning celebrities of India. But after opening up about her battle with depression and anxiety, we saw Deepika Padukone in a new light. By sharing in details how she decided to put her health above everything else and got treatment, Deepika demonstrated how mental health crises don’t discriminate against anyone. Along with the help of her family and psychologist, Anna Chandy, Deepika not only fought depression, but also chose to be open about her struggles. She showed how depression and anxiety are just like any other illness. They’re nothing to hide away. In 2015, Deepika Padukone started The Live Love Laugh Foundation, an initiative to end the stigma against mental health and spread awareness.
You may be wondering why someone like Deepika Padukone would struggle with mental health, then you would not be alone. Do the words “mental health” make you uncomfortable? For those suffering from depression and anxiety, it can often feel like nobody will ever understand and nothing will ever get better. Despite how common depression and anxiety are, they can easily be ignored or misdiagnosed, which is harmful because when left unchecked, these disorders can be debilitating. “Despite being a common mental illness, depression still remains stigmatised in our country, disallowing people to address the warning signs associated with it and come out to talk openly about what is ailing them. There is a need to create awareness that depression can affect anyone irrespective of their age, socioeconomic status or gender, and that the symptoms vary from person to person,” Anna Chandy, chairperson of The Live Love Laugh Foundation’s Board of Trustees, and author of Battles in the Mind, says.
Your mental health challenges might be more serious than you think
If you suffer from anxiety or depression, you might find your mental health affecting different areas of your life when left unchecked. According to the WHO, depression is defined as a common mental disorder characterised by persistent sadness and a loss of interest in activities that are normally enjoyable — and the inability to carry out essential daily activities. Anna Chandy says if these signs are ignored or neglected for a long period of time, it can lead to suicidal thoughts. Depression also hinders mental processes like concentration, memory, and decision-making, she adds. For many of us, mental and emotional stress is just a byproduct of our everyday lives that we’ve learned to cope with. But according to Anna Chandy, there are some physical signs that your mental and emotional health may be buckling under depression. “Loss of appetite, irregular sleeping patterns, headaches, cramps, and other digestive problems are other physiological symptoms of depression. People who undergo these symptoms for longer than usual should seek professional help in a timely manner. It is also imperative that family and friends observe any unusual behaviour and support the individual to express what he/she is going through,” Anna Chandy says.
Depression manifests itself in many different ways that are subjective to each sufferer, and while you may know the physical symptoms, there are a few common psychological signs you should never ignore. Anna Chandy says a pessimistic outlook about oneself and everything around oneself is one of the signs to look out for. According to her, another sign could be, “When an individual starts feeling anxious, empty, helpless, worthless, irritable, hopeless, or even guilty, and these feelings persist for 2-3 weeks, it could be an indication of depression.”
Brutal truths everyone should know about depression
The signs and struggles of depression are often harder to notice than those of physical conditions, but like any mental health disorder, it’s just as debilitating without proper treatment and support. While it can be impossible to understand what someone with depression is experiencing, according to Anna Chandy, there are some important things to know about depression:
“Before addressing the treatment options, we must address the stigma associated with depression. It must be acknowledged that depression is similar to any other illness and can happen to anyone. Understanding this is immensely important when it comes to helping an individual going through any related symptoms so they may share them with their family and friends and seek professional help. Depression is a highly sensitive illness where the support and care from those around is critical for recovery. The medical treatment options depend on the type and severity of depression. For some people, the ideal option could be psychotherapy, while others may require antidepressants, exercise, or a combination of these. If these fail to work, then brain stimulation techniques like electroconvulsive therapy or transcranial magnetic stimulation are also advised. it is important that we acknowledge that all our bodies are different and therefore an individual must find a combination that is suited to their needs. Hence, finding a combination that is appropriate for your needs may take some time.”
How to manage your mental health every day
A few daily habits can help you manage your mental health every day. Anna Chandy says, “People with anxiety constantly undergo feelings of restlessness and agitation while thinking about future events. A person may face abdominal pain, increased heart rate, sweaty palms, insomnia, headaches, or irrational fear. However, certain simple habits can help manage these negative feelings.” The key to starting and ending every day on the right foot means relying on a few daily rituals. Anna Chandy lists some of them:
Adequate sleep: It is vital to avoid sleep deprivation, or even excess sleep. Forcing ourselves to sleep is also inadvisable. We must instead prepare ourselves for sleep by relaxing our mind and body and initiating a state of calm. Sleeping must become a habit, one which is planned and scheduled.
Exercise: Physical activity is a great way to improve circulation and regulate oxygen levels in the body. The increase in the levels of oxygen will improve brain functioning, clams the nervous system, cleanses the lungs and facilitates better sleep. Regular exercise helps balance the level of serotonin in the body which is the hormone associated with regulating mood, appetite and sleep cycles.
Balanced diet: A balanced diet including nutritious fruits, vegetables, and meat can help the body combat anxiety. On the other hand, we must avoid the consumption of fast, junk, and processed food which can have an ill effect on our bodies resulting in lethargy and anxiety.
Meditation: acts as a breathing exercise that stabilizes your heart rate which alleviates symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Socialisation: When a person has one or more close and healthy relationships, they are more likely to become resilient. Resilience is the ability to cope with stress and adversity, some common characteristics are positive attitude, optimism and ability to regulate emotions. Resilience helps an individual cope with stress, major life events and psychiatric symptoms. We must seize each possible moment with our friends and family, which can significantly help cope with our feelings. Voicing and sharing our emotions with them can lift the heavy burden of negativity off our chests, making us feel light and free.
Munmun Dutta shares transformation photos, says she is ‘feeling the change’
Munmun Dutta who is most popular for portraying the part of Babita iyer in TMKOC has taken instagram to share her change pictures.
She shared a split of two photographs showing the distinction in her look prior to going through the program, and after it. She wrote in the subtitle that the interaction is as yet in progress and she is anticipating her wellness venture.
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Munmun in her caption wrote, “Great part was, at long last after not turning out for right around 4 months, I got once more into the propensity for working out routinely once more. Long approach to accomplish the god-like physique however I am on target and persuaded to do as such. It will be an excursion and I am anticipating it.”
As of late, Munmun had purchased another level in Mumbai and shared photographs of it via online media. She said that purchasing the new house was a “little glimpse of heaven” second for her.
Life expectancy in India drops by 2 years due to Covid pandemic: Report
A statistical analysis conducted by Mumbai’s International Institute for Population Studies shows that life expectancy in India has dropped by roughly two years due to Covid-19 pandemic.
According to IIPS assistant professor Surayakant Yadav, the life expectancy at birth for men and women has declined from 69.5 years and 72 years in 2019 to 67.5 years and 69.8 respectively in 2020, reports Times of India.
‘Life expectancy at birth’ is defined as the average number of years that a newborn is expected to live if the mortality pattern during their birth remains constant in the future.
The study was conducted to analyse the effect of the Covid pandemic on the mortality patterns across the country, as thousands of lives were lost due to the deadly pandemic waves.
The study also found out that the Covid toll was reported to be the highest for men in the age group of 35-69. The excess deaths in this age bracket due to Covid led to a sharp drop in life expectancy.
The IIPS based its study on the data collected by the 145-nation Global Burden of Disease study and the Covid-India Application Programme Interface (API) portal.
Yadav further added, “The Covid impact has wiped out the progress we made in the last decade to increase the life expectancy figure. India’s life expectancy at birth now is the same as it was in 2010. It will take us years to catch up.”
However, IIPS director Dr K S James added that epidemics in the past in countries, including Africa, massively impacted life expectancy, but it recouped in a few years.
Source : IndiaToday
3rd Covid Wave Unlikely To Mirror Devastating 2nd Wave: Top Medical Body
Rapid scale-up of vaccination efforts, says the study, could play an important role in mitigating the present and future waves of the disease.
New Delhi: A potential third wave of Covid infections seems unlikely to be as severe as the second wave, says a modelling study by a team of scientists from the Indian Council Of Medical Research (ICMR) and the Imperial College London, UK. Rapid scale-up of vaccination efforts, says the study, could play an important role in mitigating the present and future waves of the disease.
India’s first wave of SARSCoV-2 infection began in late January 2020 with a peak attained in mid-September. This phase was relatively mild compared to the second wave that followed, from mid-February 2021 onwards, exhibiting a more explosive spread across the country. A major factor driving this second wave is the emergence of more-infectious variants of SARS-CoV-2, principally B.1.1.7 (Alpha variant) and B.1.617.2 (Delta variant), of which the latter has played a dominant role in recent months.
Third waves have emerged in other countries – like the UK and the USA – and are driven by a range of factors, says the study.
The results suggest that a third wave, if it should occur, is unlikely to be as severe as the second wave, given the extent of spread that has already taken place in India, it adds.
“Consequently, for a virus to cause a major third wave in the face of this pre-existing immunity, extreme scenarios for the abrogation of that immunity are required, or for that matter, for the transmission fitness of any novel virus,” says the article in the Indian Journal of Medical Research.
For the wave to be as devastating, at least 30 per cent of the population who had been infected earlier must entirely lose their immunity, or an emerging variant of the virus must have a reproductive rate (R) over 4.5, that is, each infected person should be spreading to at least 4-5 others and these must occur almost immediately after the second wave ends, according to the study.
The emergence of a third wave in India could be substantially mitigated by the expansion of vaccination, says the study, adding the rollout of vaccine should be in such a way as to cover 40 per cent of the population with two doses over a period of three months following the end of the second wave, which is on the decline currently.
Crowding, use of mask and physical distancing during social interactions are all key factors shaping transmission rate and therefore population-level spread, the study cautions.
“Lockdown-release mechanisms could be a plausible driver for a third wave in India, depending on how effectively lockdowns have controlled transmission during the second wave particularly when instated at an early stage of the second wave and prior to attainment of peak,” says the study.
The analysis, says scientists, is intended to be illustrative and not predictive.
“In the present approach, we considered essentially a uniform waning rate over the spectrum of severity. Second, the basic reproduction number (equivalently, the rate-of-transmission) was assumed to remain constant during each wave,” said the scientists explaining the methodology used in the study.
Source : NDTV
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