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China man dies from hantavirus; all you need to know about the virus, its spread

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Even as the world is gripped by the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic and facing a disaster like never before with 20 per cent of the population under lockdown, a man in China, who had tested positive for hantavirus, died on Monday.

Chinese media reported that the man from Yunnan Province died while on his way back to Shandong Province for work on a bus on Monday. The 32 other passengers on the bus were also tested for the virus.

The novel Coronavirus, which is reported to have emerged from a seafood market in China’s Wuhan in December last year, has killed over 3,200 people in the country.

There are 383,944 cases of novel coronavirus and 16,595 deaths globally, according to Johns Hopkins University, which is tracking figures from the World Health Organization and additional sources.

What is hantavirus?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, hantavirus is a family of viruses spread mainly by rodents and can cause varied disease syndromes in people worldwide. Infection with any hantavirus can produce hantavirus disease in people.

Each hantavirus serotype has a specific rodent host species and is spread to people via aerosolized virus that is shed in urine, feces, and saliva, and less frequently by a bite from an infected host. It is not airborne.

It can cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).

Signs and Symptoms

Due to the small number of HPS cases, the “incubation time” is not positively known. However, on the basis of limited information, it appears that symptoms may develop between 1 and 8 weeks after exposure to fresh urine, droppings, or saliva of infected rodents.

Early symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders. These symptoms are universal.

There may also be headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. About half of all HPS patients experience these symptoms.

Four to 10 days after the initial phase of illness, the late symptoms of HPS appear. These include coughing and shortness of breath and chest discomfort.

HPS can be fatal. It has a mortality rate of 38%.

Diagnosing HPS

Diagnosing HPS in an individual who has only been infected a few days is difficult, because early symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, and fatigue are easily confused with influenza.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment, cure, or vaccine for hantavirus infection. However, we do know that if infected individuals are recognized early and receive medical care in an intensive care unit, they may do better. In intensive care, patients are intubated and given oxygen therapy to help them through the period of severe respiratory distress.

The earlier the patient is brought in to intensive care, the better. If a patient is experiencing full distress, it is less likely the treatment will be effective.

What is hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)

Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a group of clinically similar illnesses caused by hantaviruses from the family Bunyaviridae. HFRS includes diseases such as Korean hemorrhagic fever, epidemic hemorrhagic fever, and nephropathia epidemica.

Symptoms of HFRS

Symptoms of HFRS usually develop within 1 to 2 weeks after exposure to infectious material, but in rare cases, they may take up to 8 weeks to develop. Initial symptoms begin suddenly and include intense headaches, back and abdominal pain, fever, chills, nausea, and blurred vision. Individuals may have flushing of the face, inflammation or redness of the eyes, or a rash. Later symptoms can include low blood pressure, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute kidney failure, which can cause severe fluid overload.

Fatality of HFRS

Depending upon which virus is causing the HFRS, death occurs in less than 1% to as many as 15% of patients. Fatality ranges from 5-15% for HFRS caused by Hantaan virus, and it is less than 1% for disease caused by Puumala virus.

Who are at risk of hantavirus infection

Anyone who comes into contact with rodents that carry hantavirus is at risk of HPS. Even healthy individuals are at risk for HPS infection if exposed to the virus.

Any activity that puts you in contact with rodent droppings, urine, saliva, or nesting materials can place you at risk for infection. Hantavirus is spread when virus-containing particles from rodent urine, droppings, or saliva are stirred into the air. It is important to avoid actions that raise dust, such as sweeping or vacuuming. Infection occurs when you breathe in virus particles.

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Shraddha Murder Case: Police found spinal cord, 10 body parts recovered so far from the forest

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Photo by Hassan Rafhaan on Unsplash | (Representational Image)

The bones of Shraddha found by the Delhi Police in the forest of Mehrauli belong to the back part of the body. About 10 such body parts have been found so far, including the reed bone. Apart from this, some bones have also been recovered from the drain.

Delhi Police has received 10 parts of the body including the lower part of the spinal cord. The police have also found blood stains in the kitchen of the flat, whose samples have been sent for examination to find out whose the blood stains are.

Aftab had cleaned the fridge with chemicals so that when caught, he could spoil the forensic investigation. Delhi Police will soon call Shraddha’s father for a DNA sample. After which blood sample and bone sample will be sent to FLS, after which FSL will do a DNA test.

After the investigation so far, the police suspect that Shraddha’s body was dismembered in the bathroom after the murder. Along with this, the accused used to leave the water running from the shower so that the dead body could be easily cut and blood flowed. The FSL team along with Aftab was present during the investigation at his flat.

Source: Aajtak

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Fog will be seen in Delhi’s sky from tomorrow, cold will increase with drop in temperature!

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Representational Image | Image Source: Sumita Roy Dutta (Wikimedia)

After the passing of half of November, there is a rapid change in the weather. The country’s capital Delhi is feeling cold in the morning and evening, while the temperature is rising in the afternoon. However, a change in the weather can be seen in the coming days. According to IMD, the cold may increase in Delhi from tomorrow i.e. 17 November with a drop in temperature.

Delhi’s temperature condition

According to weather experts, in the next few days, icy winds will blow in the northwest direction, due to which Delhi’s temperature will drop and the cold will increase. Talking about the temperature, on November 17, the minimum temperature can be 12 degrees Celsius and the maximum temperature can be 27 degree Celsius. Two days ago i.e. on November 15, the minimum temperature was recorded at 15 degrees and the maximum temperature was 30 degrees. At the same time, there is a possibility of further decline in it for the next two days. On November 18, the minimum temperature can reach 11 °C and the maximum temperature can reach 26 °C.

Source Aajkal.in

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In Delhi, 37 lakh people apply for power subsidy

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Representational Image | Image Source: Snappygoat.com

After the 15-day-expansion by the Delhi government to select for the power subsidy scheme finished Tuesday, just three lakh individuals applied during the augmentation time frame. From September 14 till Tuesday night, 37,13,179 individuals applied to keep on benefiting from the subsidy scheme.

In spite of the fact that authorities are guaranteeing that a decent level of individuals has applied, the information shows a distinction of around 10 lakh customers when contrasted with a year ago. As per the information, around 46.8 lakh individuals profited from the advantage under the plan in 2021-22.

“This was the normal number of individuals who get the advantage, and the people who go under the 200 unit class probably applied. Likewise, the number varies as a few purchasers get the financed bill during winters and the number descends in summer as individuals use ACs, coolers, and fans,” said a senior authority from the power office.

He added that individuals who got sponsored bills under 400 units during winter should not have applied. “In any case, they can, in any case, apply before their next charging cycle and profit from the subsidy scheme,” said the official.

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